On the territory of the autonomous region of the Germans of the Volga region, Soviet power was preserved throughout the entire civil war and, therefore, here all the processes characteristic for the development of the military-communist dictatorship of the Bolshevik regime have been consistently developed. Quite quickly formed the corresponding political system. At its core was the regional organization of the RCP (b).
In September 1918, the Party of German Communists in the Volga region was organized from Bolshevik-minded members of the Union of Socialist Germans in the Volga region. The First Conference of Communist Organizations of German Autonomy, which took place on February 16 - 18, 1919, transformed the Party of German Communists into a regional organization of the RCP (B.). Its first leader was P. Chagin.
Region of the Germans of the Volga region after rounding. Green indicates the area before rounding.
It was during the celebration of the fifth anniversary of the autonomous region of the Germans in the Volga region that its leadership developed the idea of transforming the region into an autonomous republic.