This day in the history and culture
Of Germans from Russia
The legal formation of the future system of colonial administration was laid down July 22, 1763, the publication of two legislative acts. In the first, the Manifesto, the basic principles on which the organization of the internal life of the colonists were to be based. On the same day, the Second Legislative Act in St. Petersburg established the Office of Foreign Custody. Her duties included the care of foreign settlers and she was accountable only to Catherine II.
President of the Office of Foreign Custody was appointed the favorite of the Empress Adjutant-General and Chamberlain Count G. Orlov. The Chancellery received the right to develop its own variants of the management system in the colonies. Some functions of societies and rural administration were discussed, the principles of settlement, the links of future management were singled out. The liaison between the Chancellery and the colonists was to be supervisors of the mezhvevshchikami, which temporarily entrusted the burden of guardianship on the ground. A concrete device of the colonists in the Volga region was entrusted to the representative of the Chancellery of Foreign Guardianship on the Volga, Ivan Rais, and the Saratov Province Chancellery.
Read more about the Office of Foreign Custody at: http://geschichte.rusdeutsch.ru/15/47
Only the Sarepta colony emerged from the unified system of management of the Volga settlements of foreigners, directly subordinate to the Chancery:
Former Colony Sarepta, now part of Volgograd
" ,,, 2: To all the brothers who inhabited the mentioned colony of our society, We graciously allow all civilians to use our rights, trade all kinds of goods permitted and not prohibited, and produce all sorts of crafts, arts and crafts, establish factories and manufactories and build all sorts of mills, and also smoke wine, and cook beer for its own only need and use, and for the pleasure of temporarily living in their colony of extraneous people and those who, on the occasion of traveling through their lands, will stop and lodge Udut the same time, however, to pay for the taxes shown in the follow-up, and eat bread wine only in their villages, not taking out anything by no means beyond the villa of their own land; grape wine, cherry and other such drinks," ... (To read the full letter: http://geschichte.rusdeutsch.ru/15/47/153)